Lion Dance Stories Updates (General)


Difference in Lion Dance

Revolution of  Lion making


Revolution (Ethics)

Superstitious & Taboo

The Crafting Behind the Art

Branching Out From The Cantonese Lions

Lion Dancers Column (Coming Soon)

- The Basics For Lion Dancing
- Advance Lion Dancing Move
- The Basics For Musician
-Simple Equipment Repairing

The Difference in Lion Dance








The Northern Lion


The Northern Lion looks pretty much like a Peking dog ,with its whole body covered with long fur. The Northern Lion will normally perform in pairs with another person holding a ball for the pair of lion to chase after. Sometimes, to make things more exciting, two lion kids will join in to perform together with the two adult Lions. The pair of adult Northern Lions are made up of a female and a male. Initially their gender were differentiated by the color of the ribbon that is tied on the lions’ head.. The female Northern Lion has a green colored ribbon tied on, while the male has a  red colored ribbon. But currently, the gender of the northern lion can also be differentiated by the color of its fur on its head and its back, i.e. green for a female and red for a male.

The Northern Lion Dance projects a very active, happy, and playful movement. In their performance, they will joyously and actively chased after the ball, by leaping over tables, chairs, spinning themselves in 360 degrees stunt and rolling over one and another. If you happen to bounce into these Lions, make sure that you make it a point to see them in their performance.



Related Images

male northern

Male Northern Lion


Female Northern Lion









Performance (Ball)


Performance (Table)














World Northern Lion Kings performing in Tang Long Imperial Cup 2002 Kuala Lumpur M'Sia


The Southern Cantonese Lion


The Southern Cantonese lion style of dancing is very much focus on “The Horse Stance.” Initially, there were 2  schools of Southern Cantonese lion style of dancing. One being the Fut Shan and the other is the Hoksan. However, as time rolled on, the people became more and more creative and they combined certain styles of arts and crafts of Hoksan Lion Dance and Fut Shan Lion Dance together to form the Futthock style. This was created by the Singaporeans. Also, the Jow Ga style was formed in China and Tou Pai sprang up from Hong Kong, both were using the combinations of arts and crafts of Hoksan and Fut Shan. All in all today, there are five types of Lion Dance existing. There are  the  FUT SHAN…,HOKSAN…FUTTHOCK…JOW GA.and  TOU PAI….What’s Next?  May be, one day someone will be the next creator of a new sizzling style to rock the world of Lion Dance.




In the history of  the Southern Lion dance, the Fut Shan Lion was the first Lion to be created in China. It has a high forehead, curved lips and a very sharp horn on its head. Their dance movement are quite rough and their dancing routine involved in  big movements. There are many schools teaching the Fut Shan Lion Dancing style compared to Hoksan.


The Hoksan Lion was created very much later after the existence of the Fut Shan Lion. It was created by Master Feng Geng Chang during the Ching Dynasty. Master Feng learnt his Lion Dance skills from his master ,Feng  Le Xing who was a well known Chinese medication master and a student of the Fut Shan school.. Master Feng Le Xing was the one who actually brought the skills of the Fut Shan Lion from its Originated place called Fut Shan and Passed Down the skills to the people in his village.
One day, Master Feng Geng Chang saw a cat chasing after a  mouse in his house.  He was very fascinated by the movements of the cat that was chasing after the mouse. He found that the movements of the cat were very graceful and elegant. That incident strike his mind to compare the movements of the cat and the movements of the Fut Shan Lion Dance. From his comparisons, he realized that the Fut Shan Lion Dance’s movements does not represent the movements of an animal. From then on, Master Feng Geng Chang incorporated the movements of the cat into the movements of the Fut Shan Lion Dance. To adopt to the newly incorporated movements into the Lion Dance, the rhythm of the drum beats were also changed to suit the movements. Later, when he realized that the facial expression of the Fut Shan Lion does not suit the newly incorporated movements of the lion dance, he decided to give the lion head a new facelift, by changing the shape of its mouth, lips and eyes to make it looks more graceful and elegant, and adaptable to the eight expressions. Thus,. after all the alterations and changes .made, a new Lion  was created into existence,  the Hoksan Lion. With this creation, Master Feng Geng Chang had earned himself a name, “The king of the Hoksan Lion “
The Hoksan Lion  is also known as “The Duck Beak Lion,” and it has a lower forehead, a rounded horn and a duck beak mouth with flat lips. Please refer to the images shown in the video clip and pictures found in this page
After many generations, the Hoksan Lion Dance Arts and Crafts were passed down to the hands of Master  Lu Xing Yao of the Sar  Ping school.. He had made the Hoksan Sar Ping school spread world wide. Master Lu went to Singapore to spread the Hoksan Sar Ping school’s teaching to Master He Oi Cheng and finally ,the the Hoksan Sar Ping school’s teaching was passed down to the hands of  Master Robin Chan ,” The World Drum King”.
Through the recommendations of Master Kwok, the Hoksan Sar Ping Teaching had finally reached Malaysia. Master Siow Ho Piu obtained the Hoksan Lion Dance Skills through Master Robin Chan in Singapore. Master Siow then Spread the Hoksan Sar Ping School teaching in Malaysia and today he has more than 20 disciples and few hundreds of students learning the Hoksan Lion Dance arts and crafts under the Hoksan Sar Ping School. .

There are two different schools of teaching for the Hoksan Lion Dance. The most popular today is the Sar Ping School and many Lion Dance Associations around the globe are adopting the Sar Ping School of teaching. Some of the Teams that are adopting the Sar Ping school around the world are, The world champion, KUN SENG KENG from Malaysia,KHUAN LOKE from Malaysia, THAM PUI from Hong Kong, KHUAN YEE from Australia, GEE YUNG from Hawaii  and many more from Indonesia, Brunei and The United States.


The Futthock Lion was create by the Singaporeans .It has a rounded horn on its head, longer eyes and a pair of semi curved lips. The Futthock Lion was created by combining some of the arts and crafts of the Hoksan and the Fut Shan Lion together

There is another Lion called the Zhou Jia Lion or popularly known as Jow Ga Lion in Cantonese. The Jow Ga Lion Dance Style was created by Jow Lung and Jow Bui. Both of them have learnt the Fut San and the Hoksan lion dance style earlier. They were once a student of Master Feng Geng Chang. However both of them did not complete their learning’s of the Hoksan Lion dance arts under the coaching of Master Feng Geng Chang, before they branched out to form their own style of lion dancing. They used back the Fut San and The Hoksan Lion head,but improvised their own style of  drum beats and the lion dance’s movements. Thus ,they named their creations as Jow Ga Fut San Lion and Jow Ga Hoksan Lion. The Jow Ga Lion  Dance’s movements emphasized mainly on the wushu stance and to be able to perform well in the Jow Ga lion dance, the participants must have a good wushu background.

This style was created by Master Chan Tau Chong.  He was actually  a student from the Jow Ga Lion School. Master Chan later went to Hong Kong to form his lion dance activities. He did not want to name his school as Jow Ga Lion but instead, he named it TOU PAI. Basically the arts and the crafts are almost  the same as Jow Ga Lion, except that there are some modifications of the drum beats and the dance movements.

Fut shan Lion


Hoksan Lion












Difference Between The 2 Southern Cantonese Lions






The Futhock By The Singaporean's